Many people are afflicted by bed bugs and it all starts with their eggs, which is why we are showing you this valuable guide to identify them and some measures to combat them.
There are many ways to identify bed bug eggs, and because they are like insect eggs of the same size, some details must be looked at carefully.
Bed bug eggs are usually tiny and white. Many people can identify them at the site of the infestation, which is where both adult and juvenile bedbugs hide. The eggs are clustered together and there are eggshells all over the site.
The bugs do not hatch from the eggs simultaneously, which is why the shells are located near the unbroken eggs. They are the result of discarding the first eggs that hatch during a bed bug infestation.
Experts recommend that you spend time checking the location of the bedbug infestation, otherwise you may mistake the bedbugs for another insect and ignore them. Only a few insects and eggs can cause a new bed bug infestation in a home.
Where to find bedbug eggs
You can usually locate bed bug eggs in the exact places where the adults hide during the day. These are the most common places bed bugs devastate in homes and buildings:
- The area around the bed.
- Luggage you have recently travelled with.
- Underneath, inside the mattress and bed frame.
- Electrical appliances, electric and light switches.
- Bedroom furniture and shelves.
- Behind the wallpaper.
- Behind paintings and pictures.
- Cracks and grooves in the home.
Regardless of where you find bedbugs, we suggest that you take precautions to fight them. Female bedbugs lay up to 500 eggs. If the pest is difficult to eliminate, contact professionals.
When bed bug eggs hatch
It often takes 6-10 days for bedbug eggs to hatch. The moment this happens, the nymphs begin to track down their first meal which is blood to complete their first phase of life.
After the nymph completes its five life stages, it moulds its skin. To grow better, bedbugs look for food close to their hiding places as they are slow moving.
Many insects require conditions to hatch and bedbugs are no exception. These are some criteria below.
- Hatching temperature between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius
- Humidity levels in the air for bed bug eggs to hatch must be between 70 and 85 percent.
- Pesticides are available to kill the eggs. Some cause newly hatched nymphs to die, while others do little to harm the eggs. However, a lack of products makes it easier for bed bug eggs to hatch.
- The insects absorb oxygen from the air through their exoskeletons. By the time the nymphs are born, they require large amounts of oxygen to develop into adults.
- Natural predators, such as spiders, rodents, small rodents, and reptiles, if found near the eggs or nymphs, bed bugs have no chance to survive.
How a bed bug infestation occurs
Make sure the eggs you found on the mattress or any furniture were hatched by bed bugs, it is easy to identify if you locate real live bed bugs. You should start by studying how the bugs got into your home.
One of the most common reasons for bedbug infestation is that they have leaked through luggage, as they get in when people travel and stay in hotel rooms and inns. The risk of infestation increases when travel is frequent.
Bedbugs come out at night and feed on the blood of the person sleeping in the bed.
They inject a non-life-threatening blood thinner (like mosquitoes) that causes rashes and itchy. Not surprisingly, bedbug infestations are passed on, and many people mistake the lesions for mosquito bites.
How to exterminate bedbugs
When you discover bedbug eggs, nymphs or adults, there are numerous techniques to eradicate them. Consider that this activity will take time and a lot of patience, as there is no miracle solution to eradicate them.
Bed bug eggs are treated similarly to other insect species, with clear exceptions. You should know how many eggs will hatch after treatment, which depends on the type of products you buy for that purpose. We strongly recommend not to use chemicals or other hazardous products on your own, always call a professional.
Hard brushes can help you damage the surface of the eggs. However, this tool is not very useful for reaching narrow cracks. Vacuuming can also help, as long as you set the suction power to maximum to remove the eggs.
Isolate and seal properly the debris you vacuum so you avoid a recurrence of the bugs. If all the above fails, you can always apply heat treatments which, although expensive, will extinguish bedbugs at all stages of their lives.
Some experts recommend that you use vaporizers as long as you know how to use them. Because bedbug eggs are the enemy of moisture, you can buy a dehumidifier to stop them from hatching.
Continue to perform bed bug inspections on a weekly basis if the eggs persist. Use interceptors and other tracking techniques, placing them under furniture legs to trap bedbugs and prevent them from climbing on your legs.